The Dominican Republic was the first place Christopher Columbus “Discovered.” Ever since he  Deceived the natives for gold and labor, the Dominican Republic has suffered. 

It all started with this when he came to the island and was impressed by the indigenous people- He saw how well the island prospered, and he chose to conquer the island- creating the colony “Hispanola.”

Believing that the Europeans were somehow spiritual people, Tainos received them with great respect. It was a completely different society from the Europeans. Guacanagarix, the native leader who received Christopher Columbus and his men, treated them kindly and gave them whatever they needed. However, the Tainos’ belief system conflicted with the Western feudal system. This led Europeans to believe that the Tainos were weak, and they began to oppress the tribes. Columbus tried to alleviate this when he and his men left Quisque, leaving Taino with a good first impression. 

Problems continued when the Europeans began to believe that indigenous people were weak. They abused them and slavery began, as the country was good for all livestock, agriculture, and everything that the Spanish needed for expansion. 


This made the island more attractive to others, with the arrival of the French, the invaders, and much more. 


This made Hispaniola a land of slavery, subjugated and subjugated several times, the last of which was French and received the name Saint Domingue (Santo Domingo in Spanish). 


Jean-Jacques Dessalines, a former Haitian insurgent leader, removed the French and ended slavery. For the first time, the Haitianizing Dominicans (Mix between Tainos, Africans, and Spaniards) in certain cities were ruled and controlled by the Haitian people. 


But the Haitians at that time were French, and at that time most of the islanders were led by Jean Perrier Boyer who thought of becoming an independent state but had to pay a French fine so he hired workers, all agricultural and agricultural farmers. petting on their site maximum production pay said debt but this was affected as it caused all parts of the island to pay exorbitant taxes but this caused malaise among the Dominicans to feel that they were paying off debts that were not theirs.


Boyer’s revolt began in early 1843 and spread southward across the country. The Haitian army ordered that his troops be mustered, but people refused to sell goods to the army, which was vital during the transition.


Boyer left the island with his family in 1843. His flight encouraged the people of eastern Hispaniola, who continued to feel very different from their western neighbors because of their language, ethnicity. religion and traditions.


It was the night of February 24, 1844, when the senior members of La Trinitaria agreed on a plan and a date for a definite attack to capture the fortified city of Santo Domingo.


Finally, a delegation led by politician and soldier Matías Ramón Mella (named one of the Patriarchs along with Juan Pablo Duarte and Francisco del Rosario Sánchez) arrived on February 27 in Puerta de la Misericordia de Santo Domingo. There the so-called “Trabucazo de la Independencia” was shot.

This well-known moment provided a way to raise the Dominican flag with a cry that, to this day, is still on the national anthem: “God, Our World, and Freedom!”

And although the Dominican Republic’s rule will change in the coming years (including another new occupation of Spain as a colony), the declaration of 1844 was and still is, a symbol of Dominican independence and independence. people.


The Second Dominican Republic 

The Second Dominican Republic began with the restoration of the country in 1865 and culminated with the American intervention in 1916.

During the Second Republic, the political struggle continued, now between the last government restored by General Antonio Pimentel. He refused to rule from Santo Domingo, as ordered by Congress, with General Jose Maria Cabral, who was due to rule from Santo Domingo, in response to a non-Pimentel. Cabral was able to retain power and amend the Constitution.

In the Cabral regime, black parties became political activists, with the following: the Red and the Blue, the Red, led by Buenaventura Báez, and the most powerful party in power for six years.

Then came the successive empires until 1889, when the tyrannical rule of Ulises Heureaux, Lilís, lasted until 1899. 


Rafael Trujillo Biography

It was only later that the dreadful events began for the people of the Dominican Republic and the government of Rafael Trujillo ´. a dictator “coup de machete” who combined his powers as president with torture and assassination. 


Trujillo was an oppressive president who took over the country because the disobedient had died, and he was the one who ordered the murder of the two sisters because one of them did not want to be with him in any way. The country lasted 31 years under his rule and all those years were horrific and painful until May 30, 1961, when he was assassinated. https://listindiario.com/la-republica/2021/05/30/672650/que-se-sabe-sobre-el-plan-que-acabo-con-trujillo 


Protestas en República Dominicana: 4 puntos que explican las insólitas semanas de manifestaciones que estremecen el país caribeño - BBC News MundoAfter his death, the country may have calmed down and moved from the ruling world to the democratic world, to this day “it still goes on.” Something that doesn’t seem like that because the last president doesn’t do that, because he just wants what he wants, he always starts and promises to change but in the end, it all becomes the same or worse. 


Defining a democratic state is one in which the people must obey or obey certain laws that the president wants them to have without the consent of the people, without respecting their decisions, and forcing them to do what they say if they cannot be taken away.

Crecen las protestas por suspensión de elecciones en República Dominicana | Las noticias y análisis más importantes en América Latina | DW | 21.02.2020For their rights, this cannot be said to be a democracy, the presidents have started to do as they did in the past those in power and not in the way they promise the people how they will live before they win elections, they just ask them to vote. a good world free of corruption and once they are in that place everything is the same … with the police, where they have to fear who they need to protect and who can help them, many


people need. and the government did nothing. THEN… WHAT CAN WE CALL A FREE, INDEPENDENT DEMOCRACY?